Womens Museum Merano

CORSET

From the Renaissance to the First World War, the corset torments, shapes and contorts the female body in fashionable and erotic ways. The corset not only tightens the body, but also the mind and restricts the lives of women who work at home and the stove.

SPECIAL FOOTWEAR FOR LOTUS FEET

The smaller the feet, the more beautiful the woman. In China, for a long time, it was tradition to break the feet of young women and bind them. The widespread ideal of beauty was to have a small foot (no more than 10 cm) and the related restrictions on fr

THE GOLDEN TWENTIES

The Golden Twenties is a short window of opportunity, within which women enjoy unprecedented freedom in urban areas. The "New Woman" is employed, independent, androgynous with a bob haircut and a flapper dress. How long is it going to last…?

MACHO MOMS

For many working women - married or single, everyday life is a never ending to-do-list. According to feminist and sociologist Christina Mundlos, women put themselves under pressure because they want to indulge the humanly impossible ideal of super-woman.

FEMALE INGENUITY

Annoyed about her employees who damaged valuable dishes during rinsing, Josephine Cochrane (1839-1913) invented the first dishwasher in 1886. For this she won the first prize for the best mechanical construction at the 1893 Chicago World Exhibition.
Howe

JUDGE DRESSES BY DR MARGIT FLIRI

In 1971 Margit Fliri was the first woman judge in Trentino-Alto Adige. Until 1963 in Italy there was a legal prohibition for women to have access to this position.

Shirin Ebadi

Shirin Ebadi (*21 June 1947 in Hamadan) is an Iranian lawyer, first female Iranian judge and human rights activist. She was the first Muslim woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003 and has been living in exile in Great Britain since the end of 2009

Olympe de Gouges

“Women have the right to mount the scaffold, they must also have the right to mount the speaker's rostrum."
Olympe de Gouges, French human rights activist (1748-1793)

“PROBLEM ZONES”

For centuries, the women’s body has gone through a wide range of ideals: literally from “thick” to “thin”. Today, beauty has become an obsession, and the dream of a perfect body is realized by cosmetic surgery. Ideals of beauty - curse or blessing?

Naomi Wolf

“There is no legitimate, historical or biological justification for the beauty myth; what it is doing to women today is a result of nothing more exalted than the need of today’s power structure, economy, and culture to mount a counteroffensive against wom

FREEDOM, EQUALITY AND SISTERHOOD

Why do we start our narration of the history of women in our permanent exhibition with the French Revolution? Because Olympe de Gouges (1791), in her Declaration of Women’s and Citizen’s Rights, had the courage to affirm that human rights are also women’s

THIRD WAVE OF FEMINISM

Since the 1980s, there has been talk of a third and fourth wave of women’s movement. Among the demands are gender equality, acceptance of Gender, Race and Class, rights of trans* (gender identity and sexuality), down with imperialism and patriarchy (Red C

SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR “THE SECOND SEX”

In her book, published in 1949, Simone de Beauvoir writes the famous phrase: "A woman is not born, but made ". It means that, throughout life, you learn what it means to be a woman, how to behave and how to appear. Thus it introduces a distinction between

SECOND-WAVE FEMINISM

Demands of Second-Wave Feminism: right to self-determination, active political participation, full access to qualified jobs and right to abortion (My belly belongs to me).

WONDERBRA

The Wonderbra, the bra with thick and rigid cups, is the symbol of the physical and sexual liberation of women. Today women can dress as they want, show as much skin as they like and no one has to wear a corset anymore. Or maybe it is not so? Isn’t the Wo

THE ‘50s

Post-war period – reconstruction – and relapse in the traditional female role patterns? In 1954 a commercial by Dr Oetker says that in life, a woman only asks herself two questions: "What should I wear? and What should I cook?” The invention of new househ

HOUSEHOLD ITEMS

Domestic work required less time in the past than it does today. What has not changed is that, in relationships or in families, women continue to invest most time of all in this (unpaid) work. What needs to be changed for a fairer distribution?

DRAG QUEEN BEHIND THE SCENES BEFORE AN EXHIBITION

This photography out of the group of works called "In Between" by the artist from Val Gardena Vera Comploj, shows the moment of transformation into a Drag Queen: The transformation of a man into a woman for the next show.

CLOISTER

The cloister of the former Convent of the Poor Clares in Merano (built in 1309).

PANTASTIK-BREAST-DEVELOPMENT-TREATMENT

A full breast makes women beautiful. Therefore, in the 70s, the PANTASTIK breast development treatment was developed. The tool and instruction manual should help women reach the finish line. How much time do women devote to modeling their body? And is it

International Association of Women’s Museums

Network of 96 Women's Museums
> [Visit our website](https://iawm.international/)

Ina Praetorius

„We are learning to no longer consider unpaid care work as a sector or even a marginal phenomenon, which begs for acceptance in theory and economic practice. We put the care at the center of the economy because that’s where it belongs. Without care, witho

A date with the apron

Not only in the past, but also at present time aprons are worn by different people: at work as well as in everyday life. The exhibition shows the diversity of an everyday garment. The texts are in German and in Italian.

Would you like to virtually visi

Anita Augspurg and Lida Gustava Heymann

“If you want to avoid more wars in the future, then it is no longer possible to ignore the voice of women.”
Anita Augspurg (1857 - 1943) and Lida Gustava Heymann (1868 - 1943) are two German pacifists and activists of First-Wave Feminism.

THE UTERUS

The orange and oval object in the showcase is puzzling: it is a knitted model of a uterus with ovaries.
The midwife shoves a doll in there and explains to the future mothers the delivery. With the uterus, however, there are also other discussions, such a

60's AND 70's - THE MINISKIRT

An explosive generational change triggers a profound social change. Today, these years of rebellion, are summarized as "The Movement of '68"; but the fact that women were seen and taken seriously in this movement, was anything but obvious.
How have women

THE WOMEN’S MUSEUM OF MERANO

The Women’s Museum of Merano was founded in 1988 by Evelyn Ortner (deceased in 1997) and its original premises were under the Portici. Since 2011 the museum is located in this historic building in Piazza del Grano.

Adriana Cavarero

„I don’t know what a woman wants, also because I try to avoid generalizations and universalization. I am avoiding turning a woman into an essence."
Adriana Cavarero (*1947) is an Italian political philosopher and feminist.

becoming me

CAREER WOMAN

The career woman is confident – the padding of the shoulders in the clothes, the jackets and coats show strength. Outside, women are strong – at home nothing needs to change, but the empowerment of women has entered society, and women are conquering new s

Kimberlé Crenshaw

“Consider an analogy to traffic in an intersection, coming and going in all four directions. Discrimination, like traffic through an intersection, may flow in one direction, and it may flow in another. If an accident happens in an intersection, it can be

THE HAIR

Hair has always had a strong meaning. The way hairstyles are made is always indicative of social conditions and conventions. They are a way to present oneself, but also the positioning in society – and an expression of rebellion. What messages does hair c

MOTHERS'S CROSS

Since 1939, German mothers of National Socialism are awarded on the occasion of Mother’s Day with a medal called "Mother's Cross". What do awards such as the “Mother's Cross” in Germany or the "Medaglia d'onore per le madri di famiglie numerose" in Italy

PORTRAIT OF A FASCIST FAMILY

Picture of a fascist family in Italy.
Motherhood - "The battlefield of women" (A. Hitler).
"War is to man as motherhood is to woman" (B. Mussolini)

HOW MUCH DO WOMEN EARN?

Many women all over the world work, but worldwide they earn less than men. For this reason, on the occasion of an "Equal Pay Day" around the world, attention is drawn to the average gross hourly pay difference between men and women in the economy (Gender

SPECIALIZED LIBRARY

Within the specialized library of the Women’s Museum are collected books and magazines dedicated to women and gender. The library is not accessible to the public, but can be consulted on request.

WHO WE ARE

In 1993 the Association of the "Women’s Museum - the Woman over the course of time" was founded, which still manages the Women’s Museum. The Women’s Museum is considered a place of exchange, discussion, and inspiration open to all. We want to inform and s

FIRST-WAVE FEMINISM

Requests of First-Wave Feminism: employment, women’s studies, right to vote, new moral foundations.

GLASS CEILING

Today, women have an excellent education and vocational training; they are competent, reliable, active and determined. However, management positions still present gender-related obstacles.
How can more women overcome these gender barriers and break the m

Elevator

> To the [Museumsentry](https://my.matterport.com/show/?m=KEgBJDgaRfw&play=1&lang=de&title=0&sr=-3.11,.18&ss=244) at the 3th floor